Jerusalem Chronology

Jerusalem Chronology

Date Controlling Faction(s) Description
1005 BCE Jewish City of Jerusalem taken by the Jews under King David
973 BCE Jewish First Temple built by King Solomon
587-6 BCE Jewish Jerusalem conquered by the Babylonians; Temple destroyed
538 BCE Jewish Jews allowed to rebuild the Temple by the Persians
331 BCE Jewish Jerusalem conquered by the Greeks under Alexander the Great
168 BCE Jewish Second Temple desecrated by Greek king
167 BCE Jewish Jewish revolt against Greek rule Judah the Macabbee
64 BCE Jewish Romans take over Jerusalem
20 BCE Jewish King Herod the Great begins to rebuild Temple again
29 CE Christian Jesus preaches and dies in Jerusalem; beginning of Christianity
70 CE Jewish The Romans destroyed the 2nd Temple
73 CE Jewish Fall of Massada
637 CE Christian & Muslim Muslims take Jerusalem, but are tolerant toward Christians; allow them to keep part of the city
1099 CE Christian The First Crusade is successful in taking Jerusalem from the Moslems;Crusaders establish the Kingdom of Jerusalem
1187 CE Muslim Jerusalem taken from the Christians by the Egyptian Saladin
1860 Turkish Moslem First Jewish neighborhood outside the walls of the Old City
1917 British British conquer Jerusalem from the Ottoman Turks
1948 Jewish The State of Israel is declared
1967 Jewish Israel conquers the Old City
2007 Jewish The city celebrates 40 years

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