Israel is a unique land and Jerusalem her jewel
There is not another city that has been the cause of so many armed conflicts as Jerusalem. The Jews prayed and pray in her direction three times a day during centuries.
The hustle and bustle of this beautiful town, the noisy local markets, the sanctity of the holy places for Judaism, Christianity and the Islam, and a close association with the Bible all wait to be experienced by travelers of all ages and interests from all walks of life.
Thousands of Christian pilgrims visit Jerusalem every year, and small crosses carved on the stone walls along the steps leading to the Chapel for the Finding of the Cross are silent and touching witnesses to the fulfillment of their dream.
The Western Wall, Wailing Wall or Kotel as the Jews call it, is the last remains of the wall surrounding the temple and is sacred to the Jewish People as a religious and national symbol. People push notes of prayers, requests and desires that are addressed to G-d.
The monument which resembles a Nabatean tomb, known as Absalom’s tomb, with its cone-shaped top and located near the Old City, has stood in the Kidron Valley facing the Temple Mount since the time of the Second Temple. Jewish people believe that the resurrection of the dead would begin there when the Messiah arrives so it’s a place used during centuries for burying the dead. Many great scholars are buried there.
Although the precise origin of the Hebrew name for Jerusalem, Yerushalayim remains uncertain, scholars have come up with a variety of interpretations. Some say it means “legacy of peace” — a combination of yerusha (legacy) and shalom (peace). “Shalom” is a cognate of the Hebrew name “Shlomo,” i.e., King Solomon,” the builder of the First Temple. Alternatively, the second part of the word could be Salem (Shalem literally “whole” or “in harmony”), an early name for Jerusalem that appears in the Book of Genesis. Others cite the Amarna letters, where the Akkadian name of the city appears as Urušalim, a cognate of the Hebrew Ir Shalem (this last part from Wikipedia).