Jerusalem Chronology

Jerusalem Chronology

Date Controlling Faction(s) Description
1005 BCE Jewish City of Jerusalem taken by the Jews under King David
973 BCE Jewish First Temple built by King Solomon
587-6 BCE Jewish Jerusalem conquered by the Babylonians; Temple destroyed
538 BCE Jewish Jews allowed to rebuild the Temple by the Persians
331 BCE Jewish Jerusalem conquered by the Greeks under Alexander the Great
168 BCE Jewish Second Temple desecrated by Greek king
167 BCE Jewish Jewish revolt against Greek rule Judah the Macabbee
64 BCE Jewish Romans take over Jerusalem
20 BCE Jewish King Herod the Great begins to rebuild Temple again
29 CE Christian Jesus preaches and dies in Jerusalem; beginning of Christianity
70 CE Jewish The Romans destroyed the 2nd Temple
73 CE Jewish Fall of Massada
637 CE Christian & Muslim Muslims take Jerusalem, but are tolerant toward Christians; allow them to keep part of the city
1099 CE Christian The First Crusade is successful in taking Jerusalem from the Moslems;Crusaders establish the Kingdom of Jerusalem
1187 CE Muslim Jerusalem taken from the Christians by the Egyptian Saladin
1860 Turkish Moslem First Jewish neighborhood outside the walls of the Old City
1917 British British conquer Jerusalem from the Ottoman Turks
1948 Jewish The State of Israel is declared
1967 Jewish Israel conquers the Old City
2007 Jewish The city celebrates 40 years

Israel Short History Since Biblical Times

BIBLICAL PERIOD

2000 BCE Patriarchs and Matriarchs: settlement of the Land of Israel

1250 BCE Moses, desert wanderings; receiving the Torah at Mount Sinai; conquest of Land of Israel by Joshua; rule by Judges

1st TEMPLE PERIOD

1000 BCE Jerusalem becomes King David’s capital; Solomon builds First Temple; division of kingdom into Israel and Judah

586 BCE Destruction of First Temple; Babylonian Exile

2ND TEMPLE PERIOD

Return to Zion; Ezra and Nechemia; construction of Second Temple

332 BCE Jerusalem comes under Greek domination

166 BCE Maccabean Revolt; restoration of Jewish autonomy;
Hasmonean Empire

63 BCE Roman invasion of Israel [Kingdom of Herod; Hillel and Shammai leaders of rabbinic thought]

70 CE Destruction of Jerusalem and Second Temple

EXILE AND DIASPORA (Beginning of Rabbinic period)

73 CE Destruction of Masada

132 CE Bar Kochba Revolt; compilation of Mishna by Rabbi Yehuda
Hanassi

324 CE Talmudic period; decline of Israel as Jewish center; rise of Jewish academies in Babylonia

638 CE Arab conquest of Jerusalem; construction of the Dome of the Rock and Al Aksa mosques; renewal of Jewish settling

1100 CE Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099); in France, Rashi writes commentary on the Bible; Ramban’s settlement marks return of Jews to Jerusalem and worship at the¬†Western Wall (1267)

1492 CE Jews expelled from Spain
1517 CE Ottoman Empire rules Jerusalem; Sephardic synagogues established; Shulchan Aruch published in Tzfat
1789 CE Napoleon In Eretz Yisrael
1860 CE Yemin Moshe was founded as first settlement outside Old City walls
1880 CE Pogroms in Russia; Dreyfus trial; Theodore Herzl; First Aliyah; First Zionist Congress; Tel Aviv founded
1917 CE British Mandate in Palestine; Jewish population increases; rise of Arab nationalism
1938 CE Kristallnacht; British White paper restricts Jewish immigration to Palestine; beginning of Holocaust

MODERN STATE OF ISRAEL

1947 CE Partition Plan

1948 CE State of Israel proclaimed; War of Independence; beginning of waves of immigration from Europe, Yemen and Iraq

1967 CE Six Day War; reunification of Jerusalem

In the last 30 years, we have seen the Yom Kippur war and the War in Lebanon, peace agreements with Egypt, Jordan and the Palestinians, terrorist attacks, the assassination of Prime Minister Yitzchak Rabin. You will learn about these events on your trip. Which of these might appear on the timeline 500 years from now?